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Specifics of the activities of the adversary special services - a new phase of the ,,Cold War’’

The history of mankind is a continuous line of struggle for vital space. The English geographer, Oxford professor Helford MacDinger, who later led the London School of Economics, was a member of the Chamber of Commerce from 1910 to 1922, presented the following idea: Planetary viewpoint lies in the center of the universe in the Eurasian continent and in its center of "the heart of the universe" or " - a land that is controlled by the world Significantly favorable geographic springboard. "Heartland" includes Russia, the Baltic Sea, Danube, Asia Minor (Turkey), Transcaucasia, Iran, Mongolia. Germany is a demarcation zone between "Hartlend" and the European coastline belt. North America, Japan, Australia, Africa and England belong to the MacDiere map "foreign or island line". Hartlend (the land of this land) is to control the "world island". To avoid unwanted development of the events, maritime states (US, England and Japan) must unite and take decisive struggle to enter into the depths of the "Hartlund". In this respect the territory of Eastern Europe between the Black and Baltic seas is very important. McDaddy's geopolitical law has acquired great importance in the form of 3 maxims: the one who oversees Eastern Europe controls "Hartland"; Who controls "Hartland", controls the world's island; Who controls the world's island, controls the whole world. This idea is shared by the Kremlin ideologue and a close associate of Putin, a political scientist, professor of Moscow State University Alexander Dugin, who is distinguished with imperialist statements. This is the purpose of the current government of Russia - if not for the world, to establish Eurasia and to establish a new empire.

Unfortunately, Georgia's geopolitical point of view is that it takes the top place in Russia's interests. From the recent history, we recall the events following the announcement of the status of Georgia after the First World War, resulting in the withdrawal of the British military forces from the country, thus using the Bolsheviks and "Rooted" Georgia, after which 70 years have passed the country, In 1991, Georgia won the long-awaited independence - at the price of blood, though worthy, but Russia still can not adapt Georgia's independence and operate against the country's entire arsenal of monster special services. Russian intelligence services are always trying to, legal or illegal methods to obtain the desired information, to penetrate the government and the country's security structures, to get access to state secrets, or to win over some of the implanted Georgia on political, diplomatic, military and economic advantage , The impact of the policy, state structures and to destabilize their own goals for the realization. The main security services of the Russian Federation, which are actively working on Georgia are: ГРУ - Main Division Intelligence Main Division of the Ministry of Defense, СВР - Foreign Intelligence Service and FSB - Federal Security Service.

Intelligence Main Division of the General Staff of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation GRU works in conflict zones, in the conflict zones creates agronomic networks, the object of main interest and the target of Georgia's defense capabilities. For the purposes of strategic agent intelligence, the GRU operates under the cover of the Embassy, ​​but mainly due to the specifics of the activity, it mainly deals with sabotage and terrorist acts in the border line. There are historical records about the GRU that during the Soviet Union the resident of Gruz was able to shoot at his place if he was suspicious of his loyalty. The GRU's Special Forces tasks are to conduct intelligence in hot spots and destroy the military / strategic means of potential adversary. Intelligence operations and sabotage-intelligence actions in the enemy's backyard during hostilities. At the initial stage of the activities, the purpose of the GRU's special forces was to destroy the outstanding military and political persons acting against Russia in Russia's interest countries, but later the action was "officially" removed from the specifics of the Special Services. In addition to the intelligence intelligence, GRU also produces space and technical intelligence. GRU is also involved and / or operates in almost every crisis in the world or in the conflict zone.

Special preparation of "GRU" officers is underway at the Military Diplomatic Academy of Defense Ministry, In the Conservatoire. Preparing for three main faculties:

Faculty of Strategic Intelligence Intelligence - prepares trainees who will then be employed by residents under the cover of the Embassy.

Faculty of Agental-Operative Intelligence, prepares military attachés.

Faculty of Operative-Tactical Intelligence, prepares officers who are distributed in the military headquarters. FSB. Russian Federal Security Service. Works from the conflict region, border guards are located in the border guards, so called Pranganchiks are members of the Federal Security Service. In the FSB boundary line creates agent networks. Based on the general practice of special services, the FSB uses the Embassy cover. This service mainly works in the foreign embassy direction, but it does not mean that they are working on Georgian citizens. Their main target is Georgians and ethnic Georgians in general and Georgian citizens or Georgians often coming from Georgia who visit Russia in educational exchange programs or other scientific or cultural reasons. All universities and educational institutions, the FSB has embedded security officers, who are citizens of the Russian Federation, students observe and learn how to select the best skills with the young people, that the drain be good specialists in the field of security, the foreign student is being studied for its further damusha Companies and recruitment. The FSB actively carries out the control of Georgia's occupied border line where it stimulates the counter-intelligence regime to avoid the flow of information. Federal Security Service Head of South Ossetia-Alania Division since 2006 is General Major Vladimir Schwadz. Dimitri Judeini was appointed as the head of the Abkhazian Division of FSB Border Protection in 2015. It should be noted that The existence of FSB in South Ossetia means the direct jurisdiction of the Russian Federation, and in the case of Abkhazia, the Federal Security Service of Russia is located in the occupied territories by means of the Border Forces and for the purpose of border protection.

Strategic intelligence is carried out by the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service on the territory of Georgia. The main function of foreign intelligence is to create intelligence networks in the target country and obtain information. The main support is diplomatic cover. Unlike other Russian security services, Focuses on the country's elite: political spectrum (influence agents), executive branch, scientific circles, NGOs and media outlets. Using the Soft Force Policies Russian Special Services are trying to create promising agents, information sources through educational exchange programs and cultural events. The STW seeks to acquire positions in the Georgian Church and to the clergy to know how valuable the church and religion are for Georgia, by striving to manipulate public opinion and occupation or other military crimes. Study of the counter-intelligence regime of the target country is crucial for the STV to easily facilitate the transition of desirable objects in different ways: ideological, religious and ethnic basis, often bribing and blackmail for the consent of the recipient. The following information sources are available: informers-in the population, influence agents-in-force and tunnels-special services. Gadmosabirebeli hostile objects are selected by the country's intelligence service if it has intelligence capabilities (intelligence access), the objective and subjective factors as to why the agent's ability to perform a specific task of intelligence, it is determined in service and their social standing, o Ao place, position, education, skill, personality, useful exploration of family, business and other ties, the test objects of interest in the exploration of the secret documents Access.

After the diplomatic relations broke out between Russia and Georgia, the Embassy was closed, however, the Russian Federation's Interests Section was opened, with 80% of its staff as practice special services showed that under the cover of the special services officers, the function of which is to carry out duplicate activities and the creation of the agent networks. Russian investments and Russian business companies are very important for Russian special services. Play an important role "Immigrants", special intelligence specialists who are integrated into foreign environments to perform a specific task. The agent often runs fictitious documents in the territory of the opponent's country under the cover of the legend of the plot, with the initial capital, special training and instruction, and the illegal transmitters are sent to different countries in a country where they need to adapt to a foreign environment, live in the target country and occupy positions whether business or state In the sector and in parallel to the espionage activities. In the KGB, specifically for the purpose of creating a fictional biography of legend "legend" Division whose staff were written from cemetery stones, names and names of deceased persons more than a century ago, studied the deaths of the deceased and sealed the illegal, well-developed legend is the prerequisite for the successful operation of the illegals. Russian Federation Embassy in the world at all resident, legal or diplomatic missions abroad under the umbrella of the residency is the main link of the intelligence service, which organizes and practiced by the intelligence activities abroad, while the resident is an experienced intelligence service The employee, who heads the legal residencies in a foreign country. Often a resident-sold agent will study the espionage of the level that the agent himself has been working on transferring other sources and creates an agent network, which in this case is called the main agent. During the "Cold War" period 1975 Soviet counterintelligence has revealed the intelligence operation of the US embassy residency. The US resident installed two special radio equipment in Mozhevsky region, which aimed to secure future radiation from military facilities. The information obtained in the USSR's orbit would often have been sent to the migrant satellite, but the US Embassy staffers failed to monitor the Soviet counter-intelligence, which is due to the reason for the underestimation of the targeted counter-intelligence regime.

Russian intelligence services use methods such as: dissemination of misinformation, propaganda, blackmail, compromising materials, information war and discrediting-black PR, involvement of technologies in intelligence, and corruption, this is an incomplete list of Russian security services actively Be you Eben intelligence activities. The Russian special services are actively using the disinformation campaign and discrediting. For Russian special services it is important to take active measures to achieve the following goals:

Georgia and Israel are in an identical situation, both have aggressive and unpredictable conflicts. I think the experience of Israel is great and it will be valuable to share with us, but after the independence of Georgia the Georgian Special Forces made great evolution and conversion. Lots of different special services in Georgia have been trained and educated in Western countries, in the US and Europe, by sharing the experience of the West with training and preparation centers in Georgia and new manuals are created. The security system of Georgia looks like: State Security Service, military intelligence of the Ministry of Defense, Georgian Intelligence Service and Ministry of Internal Affairs. These special services and law enforcement bodies operate coordinated and act to protect national interests and security from their competence.

State Security Service. The main challenge for the SUS is the existence of occupied territories and the military force of a foreign country located there. In the occupied Abkhazia and Tskhinvali large number of Russian military contingents, modern type of heavy armament, including the presence of offensive military equipment, represents the existential threat to the state.

Attempts to annex the occupied territories by the Russian Federation, the severe criminal situation in the country (kidnapping, kidnapping, killings, attack on the population), discrimination of the Georgian population, illegal detention of Georgian citizens (charges for illegal crossing of the so-called border) . Borderization process (restoration of banners, fences, tunnels, diverting borders, limiting access to free movement and education), intensive military exercises on occupied territories, Russian military aircrafts, helicopters and unmanned airspace controlled by central government The facts of violation by aircrafts and violation of Georgian law on occupied territories threaten the country's security.

From the occupied territories of the Russian Federation and the threats posed by refraining from interfering the annexation process for the purpose of the State Security Service on the ground the situation under permanent monitoring, assessment processes, shall take appropriate measures, actively participates antianeksiuri policy, as well as the de Kupatsiis steps towards the development and implementation. Information about the threats and the developments in the occupied territories are constantly supplied to relevant state agencies and international partners.

The security service, along with other responsible agencies, coordinates the security measures on the ground, in order to secure the security of civilians and the maximum protection of human rights across the occupation line.

Counter-intelligence activities

State Security Service carried out by Georgia's foreign intelligence activities, plans, operations in the area, including by the use of forces and means, the validity of the forms and methods, facilities, and links of interest to study, as well as the interests of the state action against will And deprivation.

Particular attention was paid to protection of political decision-makers and governmental circles from foreign special services, without any pressure or manipulation of important decisions for the country.

The measures were taken to protect the security of foreign security personnel from access to foreign security services. Prevention of dissemination and dissemination of information and information from the security and intelligence community, the possibility of access to spies and the conduct of relevant countercovers.

For the counter-intelligence of Georgia's defense units, permanent monitoring was carried out against the persons who might have been in contact with the special services of foreign countries and consequently engaged in destructive and anti-state activities.

The security service emphasizes the importance of the protection of high-risk subjects for state security. According to the Law of Georgia on "State Security Service of Georgia" and issued by the Government of Georgia N584 of November 18, 2015, the list of subjects with high risk for state security has been approved. The mentioned status has been defined in respect of 25 subjects and each, according to specificity, has been determined by the relevant regime. The security service relations are carried out with high risk subjects based on relevant agreements. Finally it was said that the so-called Institute of Odessa.

The CSU provides for the high security risk of state security in the territory of Georgia with counter-intelligence. Continuous operation of the proper operational work is to ensure the safety of high-risk subjects and to provide counter-intelligence.

Recently, the migration of the population from the region to the West is in the wake of hostilities in the Middle East. They are considered as one of the routes of Georgia. In this regard, it is noteworthy that the possibility of Islamic radical processes going into the territory of Georgia is legitimate or illegal, some of which are an object of interest to the special services of foreign countries. The Security Service monitors the movement of foreign citizens at the border crossing points of Tbilisi, Kutaisi and Batumi International Airport, including the potential operative personnel and their contacts. It is noteworthy that in case of detection of border control in case of detecting circumstances, the relevant person is prohibited to cross the state border of Georgia.

Fight against terrorism

One of the main priorities of the State Security Service is the fight against terrorism. The global threat of terrorism in the modern world is variable, unpredictable and rising. The most obvious manifestation of the global terrorist threat is the so-called "Islamic State". However, this does not decrease the associated threats with other terrorist groups ("al-Qaeda," Taliban, etc.).

Developments in the Middle East are also negatively affected by the Caucasus region. While Georgia does not fall under the risk of terrorist attack, there are some challenges in this direction. "Islamic State" has acquired a certain number of supporters in separate regions of Georgia. Proponents of Islamist ideology are trying to use less awareness of some part of society in their favor. The recently released video monitors have been radicalized by a certain audience on the one hand, and, on the other hand, served to intimidate the public. Several dozen Georgian citizens are fighting in the terrorist organization. They are also interested in participating in combat activities. Involvement in their terrorist activities affects the country's image and threats to the state security.

Georgia is vitally important to prevent and eliminate any terrorist activity on its territory, as it can be used by individual states for its military and political purposes. The main task of the State Security Service in combating terrorism is to reduce terrorist risks to the country, protecting the state, its interests and all forms of terrorist activities.

Military threats

In August 2008, a large-scale military aggression by Russia against Georgia and the occupation of the territories it clear that the Russian Federation for their own narrow interests willing to openly confront the international law, the fundamental principles and norms of modern international relations A cornerstone of. Occupation of a significant part of Georgia's territories by Russia poses a threat to Georgia's sovereignty, statehood and political, economic and social destabilization. Failure of international obligations under the ceasefire agreement by the Russian Federation, the absence of international peacekeeping forces on the occupied territories, militarization of the occupied territories increases the risk of provocations and the possibility of new military aggression. The main goal of the Russian Federation is to prevent Georgia from implementing Euro-Atlantic choice and return Georgia's Russian orbit to violence. Despite the large-scale military aggression, Russia has failed to achieve its goals and can not stop Georgia's aspiration to European and Euro-Atlantic as well as the country's development and democratic consolidation process. The reality created as a result of Russian military aggression is not acceptable for the Russian ruling elite. The current status quo is unacceptable for Russia's ruling political elite to increase threats and risks from Russia. In this regard, the situation in the occupied regions is also significant. The illegality of Russia's occupied territories, the presence of illegal armed and criminal groups of puppet regimes, will negatively impact Georgia's national security and increase the risks of provocations and incidents, especially in the areas adjacent to the occupation line. At the same time, there is a significant challenge for the stable and safe development of Georgia and the entire region. Possible overthrow of these conflicts on the territory of Georgia is a challenge to Georgia's national security. Except for possible conflicts on the territory of Georgia, the intensification of existing conflicts in the region and the possible renewal of military actions along with other threats will lead to a humanitarian crisis, creating a large influx of refugee refugees and refugees with the threat of access to informal armed groups in the country. In addition, it will contribute to the increase of smuggling and other transnational organized crime. Also, it will worsen the security environment of the region and threaten the transport and energy projects in the Caucasus. The military intelligence department is working to prevent these threats. It will gain preliminary information on the threats that may threaten the state of Russia from the occupied territories by military aggression.

The Military Intelligence Department issued a special volume of about eight volumes of volume per year, in which the information obtained through the agent was obtained from the agent. Their recycling and clarification were expected of the threats that the military-political leadership had to work on for further action. The military intelligence is particularly close to the conflict zones in the territory of Georgia, actively engaged in occupied territories and border areas, but there are other assets too. Military intelligence officers are often acting illegally in hot spots and on the occupied territory where they are faced with the enemy, in such situations everything depends on the skills of self-restraint and their level of preparation.

Georgian Intelligence Service.

The creator of the Mosaic (Israeli Intelligence Service), the first prime minister, David Ben-Gurion, gave a concrete directive: "Intelligence is the first line of defense ... we must learn to understand what is happening around us." Indeed, security in the 21st century Luxury. The luxury that special services provide. Intelligence is the art of obtaining information, the preliminary information that ensures state security. More specifically, foreign intelligence is one of the components of the national security system that is responsible for obtaining information about threats outside the state, identifying sources of these threats, minimizing or avoiding the country's government Offers about existing and alleged threats. In order to carry out these functions, Foreign Intelligence undertakes the strategic, political, military-strategic, economic and scientific-technical intelligence activities and is considered as an elite organization in various states of the world. Intelligence activities are aimed at identifying external threats and risks, providing intelligence information to the country's state-political officials. In Western countries there is a practice when the intelligence service head is also an advisor in foreign intelligence issues and plays a major role in the country's foreign policy course. In order to achieve the desired effect in a short time, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Intelligence Service have worked very closely and mutually coordinated because they often carry out the same task. I am sure that both of them are actively working on non-recognition policy of the occupied territories, regional stability, strengthening transit function of the country, energy security and general foreign policy formation. Politicians and intelligence have the same goal as a successful national security policy. Intelligence is a job where people with patriotism and qualifications perform threatening missions in the area of ​​hostile states in the back of the enemy. Officers and secret employees who serve their mission outside the organization are serving in the intelligence organization. Intelligence activities This is a double life, full of risks and stresses, action against the enemy, enemy territory, in hostile environments that require conservative lifestyle protection and flawless professionalism. The intelligence service also includes support for the development of the country, attracting investments and popularization of the country. The budget of the Georgian Intelligence Service is 15 million GEL at this stage. For example, the Israeli Intelligence Service is 7 times more productive compared to the budget allocated, as the intelligence is not just finances, it is a call and a national mission.

The Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia is a law enforcement agency of the country. The main goal of the Ministry is to reduce the number of offenses, to ensure citizens' living in a peaceful and secure environment, to protect their rights in compliance with the standards of democratic and legal state. In order to achieve this goal, the Ministry's tasks include crime prevention, effective response, quality service and establishment of close and trusted relationships with the public. The Ministry carries out its activities in compliance with the law, democratic standards and ethical norms.

Challenges and Functions: Providing Border Security; Prevention and effective management of emergencies; Development of chemical, biological, radiation and nuclear (CBRN) safety policies; Effective management of migration processes; Fight against drug trafficking and drug abuse; Fight against human trafficking; Fight against corruption; Fight against terrorism; Fight against cybercrime Deepening International Cooperation Georgia is a member of Interpol since 1993. Azerbaijan's motion to the General Secretariat of Interpol is worth mentioning in connection with the fact that Georgia has joined the International Criminal Police Organization. The issue was discussed at the 62nd General Assembly Session on 29 September 1993 in Aruba, where Georgia became a member of International Criminal Police - Interpol against 95 votes to 2.

At present, the National Central Bureau of Interpol is actively cooperating with the General Secretariat of Interpol. Georgia has left many offenders on the background of the fruitful labor law enforcement agencies, and therefore the necessity of international search for them on the agenda.

Active work in the National Central Bureau of Interpol is underway to improve the legal basis and update, as well as to meet international standards and modern needs. `By the National Central Bureau of Interpol activities and cooperation with the approval of the rules of the draft presidential decree, pending resolution of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Interpol National Central Bureau approval of the regulations, which the Bureau of FF Uktura much more flexible and efficient in the country.

We wish to introduce the schematic services of the special services and the sequencing cycle of their activities.

The main target of the Russian security services is that they are Georgian special services. Russia has always tried to discredit and slander the services that block and contradict their imperialist intentions and active measures (Активные мераприятия). Russia actively uses the 5th column of the black PR against the Georgian special services, collaborators and so-called " The NGO's loyal political parties in Russia who do not spare the law enforcement forces to blame human rights violations are concerned that security services are pressured into political organizations, intelligence services are involved in conspiracy theories, and in order to raise their rating The media promotes and disseminates misinformation in the society, which in this way creates an incorrect opinion that ultimately leads to a weakening of the country's security system and ultimately makes it easier for the enemy to act on the territory of the country and to achieve the ultimate goal. However, Russia forgets the important factor that has played a major role in the security of Georgia's security services during the restoration of Georgia's independence. The State Security Committee of Georgia, still taking a neutral position during Soviet rule, did not obey the orders of the Soviet Security Committee to eradicate all attempts to fight for independence in the country and fought for independence, the KGB decision of Georgia confirms that Georgia's face Even in the National Security Committee, the patriotic charge was sparking, and despite the risks, the Ministry took a national step. Georgia should share the experiences of Israel, where politicians, special services, mass media and citizens are struggling to defend national interests and security.

I think it will also be of interest to the experience of the US "Cold War", during the presidency of Harry Truman, when Joseph McCarthy, a Senator from Wisconsin, was threatened by communism with a threat of communism, and even came to Paranoie with his statements that he had the staff of the State Department and other public service List of m He blamed the Soviet security services for a crusade against the red threat, which was called "McCarthyism," but he never had an elemental basis in the history of the Communist Party of the United States. President Truman declared in his public statement: "The largest asset that has ever been to the Kremlin was Senator Joseph Macarty, Senator McCarthy, if he failed to do what the Soviet Security Service agent could not do, surrendered to the agencies that patriotly serve the country and fight the enemy ". The mass media paid a great deal of attention to Senator Macarty's paranoia, which led to fear and panic in the US population, reaffirming the role and responsibility of mass media in the state. The press should encourage patriotism in the society and should not overcome those red lines that go on national security. While still in the Caribbean crisis, John Kennedy urged Massimed that, during war and crisis, deliberately and in the interests of the country, they did not care for ratings.

Everything tells us that Moscow uses the 5th column, the collaborationists, the soft power policy, the unity of the society to nihilism and distrust towards the western partners and spill out the progressive course of the North Atlantic Alliance, and Russia and its Eurasian Union (Remember me here Opinion) to present a friend and savior. I think Georgia's striving for progress, rapid democratic development and the further support of the West will contribute to this struggle and lead Georgia to the goal that is a union of developed states. This can be achieved only with the consolidation of all of the ordinary citizens, academia and the media, with the support of government agencies and the patriotic operation, which reflects the result of the threats and challenges and joint efforts to promote the country's North-Atlantic integration process And a true democratic state.

Doctor of History, Professor, Americanist and researcher of global security and special services Tornike Shurgulaia.

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